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Veliko Tarnovo
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Veliko Tarnovo

Veliko Tarnovo is located at 250km from the capital of Bulgaria - Sofia near the Balkan mountain The town was founded at the foot of the Northern Fore-Balkan Range. Historians date it back to 4th millenium B.C. The town of Veliko TÓrnovo has inherited centuries-old Prehistoric, Thracian and Antique culture and in 1185 it became a center of the Bulgarian Uprising against Byzantine domination and the capital of the restored Bulgarian state. The medieval town of TÓrnovo was rapidly expanding and developed into the strongest Bulgarian fortress during the 12-14th cc. It became the most significant political, economic, cultural and religious center of Bulgaria. The TÓrnovo Schools of Literature and Arts were established and developed here. Remarkable architectural monuments were created; miniature and monumental painting, literature, plastic arts and crafts achieved high artistic level.



Abranassi

Austere houses that resemble minor fortresses on the outside. with high, solid walls and heavy gates, iron, rids and secret hiding-places, but which are spacious and comfortable, richly decorated and furnished on the inside. The oldest of Arbanassiĺs five churches is The Birth of Christ ( 1637 - 1649). dug into the ground without a belfry and with hidden cupola, but hiding a genuine art gallery with over 3.500 stunningly realistic figures and Biblical scenes, painted by unknown artists throughout the ages.



Elena

ELENA - a town in the Middle Balkan Range, 42 km south-east of Veliko Turnovo; a mountain resort at an altitude of 280 m. Population of 7200. Terminal station on the railway line Gorna Oryahovitsa - Elena.

Elena is an old settlement founded in the 15th C. In the 18th-19th centuries it is established as a crafts, trade and educational centre. There have been preserved several architectural ensembles dating back to the Bulgarian National Revival and comprising about 130 old houses. Wall-to-wall construction forms interesting street silhouettes. The houses have stone basements with white-washed or wooden walls of the upper floor with protruding bays above.

There have been preserved the first class school, founded in 1848 and named Daskalolivnitsa where future teachers have been educated (nowadays a museum exhibition is arranged), St. Nicholas Church (16th C., with valuable mural paintings, icons) and the three-naved Church of the Assumption, built entirely of stone (1837). On the highest elevation the town clock-tower (1812) raises with an antique clock mechanism.




Bulgaria, Sofia 1000
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